Heavy Snow Customs in "Ice Scroll"

【2019-12-12】 【四川政协报】 [Http://hnlsyfood.com] [2019-12-12] [Sichuan CPPCC News]

Qing dynasty painter Jin Tingbiao's "Ice Play Axis" depicts a group of children skating and playing. This is actually a custom of heavy snow and winter-watching Fenghe.

"Ice Opera Axis"

The heavy snow is the third solar term in winter. "The 72nd Collection of the Moon Order" explains: "Heavy snow, the November festival. The big one, Sheng Ye. So far, Xue Sheng also" "Wanshan withered and gloomy, hissing on all sides Shake the tree branches. Bai Xue wants to chant chants and walk through the branches to play plum blossoms. "When the snow fell, the temperature suddenly dropped, the snowfall was large, and the coverage was wide. As the saying goes, "Xiaoxue seals the land, and Daxue seals the river." It means that Xiaoxue is solar terms, the fields begin to freeze, and the crops no longer grow and enter hibernation. At the time of heavy snow, the weather is getting colder. The vast northern land is frozen for thousands of miles and the snow is drifting. The river is frozen, and the torrential river water in the past freezes immediately, no longer flowing, and a thick layer of ice has formed. Boats cannot travel in the river, and water production activities such as fishing have ceased. This is often referred to as river closure. The river is icy and snowy, and the icy lake is like a mirror. A natural landscape with ice and cleanliness appears. People have stepped out of their homes and watched the river closed. Over time, it became a folk custom. In ancient times, there were not many entertainment facilities. The frozen river surface became a natural ice rink, and the children cheerfully enjoyed skating and playing.

Jin Tingbiao's "Ice Opera Axis" vividly depicts this scene. This picture is a color painting on paper. It was created during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty and is now collected in the Beijing Palace Museum. The picture depicts the severe cold wind and freezing three feet, and the main color is off-white, which adds a cold atmosphere. However, there is vitality in Xiaose: a gura plum on the shore with staggered roots and curved curls, shaped like antlers, red plums are not afraid of the cold, the wind and snow, the proud ice is in full bloom, and it emits bursts of fragrance and treetops. The ascension sent out a few green leaves; the strange rock surrounded by the ice was shaped like a snail, and a few wild flowers bloomed in the cold, showing tenacious vitality. Even more dynamic is a group of children who are innocent and lively and cute. A few bold children have descended to play on the cracked ice surface. One of them was attracted by the flowers. They picked a few branches and leaned down to walk back. This can lower the center of gravity and reduce the pressure on the ice surface. The artist can observe The details of life. Another accidentally fell to the ground and stared open-mouthed, shouting in horror. Two elbows struggling to support the ice surface, trying to stand up, but it was not easy. The other three children learned the previous lesson, the latter pulling on the former's clothes and walking carefully on the "clicking" ice to avoid falling. Several children on the shore were holding various toys, some were happy with the embarrassment of their companions on the ice, laughed, some yelled in anxiety to pay attention to safety, some rubbed their hands and eagerly tried. Although the scene description in this picture is single, there is movement in the quiet and hidden vitality; the characters are delicate and lifelike, and the physical characteristics of the ten children and the naive and naughty expression are vivid and vivid, reflecting the artist's daily observation and experience of life in detail .

Qing dynasty court painter Jin Tingbiao, who was born in Wucheng (now Huzhou, Zhejiang), was born in the painting family. She is good at depicting people, ladies, flowers, landscapes, and painting in the industry. His paintings were appreciated by Emperor Qianlong, and there were many poems on the title, and the praise was beyond words. After the death of Jin Tingbiao, Qianlong was very sorry, and the poetry sighed: "Last year, he wrote an ordinary thing, who knows how to cherish it today." The regrets of his death.

郑学富 ( Zheng Xuefu )

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